Coerced Confessions and Offers of Leniency
Interrogating police officers have no authority to offer criminal suspects leniency in exchange for a confession.
Prolonged pretextual traffic stops are a violation of the Fourth Amendment.
Using a minor traffic offense as a pretext for making a traffic stop so that a more serious criminal offense can be investigated is lawful. However, absent developing at least a reasonable suspicion to believe that a more serious offense is being…
Miranda as a Prophylactic Rule and the Fifth Amendment:
A Miranda violation, not being the equivalent of a violation of the Fifth Amendment, does not provide a defendant with the basis for a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 lawsuit.
Threats of force or violence against a third person doesn't include suspect's threat against himself.
A nuance in the law, doesn’t come up that often, but makes a clear distinction in arrest and charging. DCA rules that a threat of force or violence against a third person doesn't include suspect's threat to kill himself.
Suing federal officers under authority of Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents.
Bivens-based civil suits are not to be extended beyond what has already been decided absent meeting some very stringent-provided case law requirements.